This interview was conducted at Xi'an Academy of Arts, Xi'an on 18 September 2009. For more information please visit the Materials of the Future website.


Peng De (b. 1946, Hubei Province) is a renowned art critic. He lives and works in Xi’an and teaches at the Xi’an Academy of Fine Arts.

Peng De graduated from the Department of Chinese at Huazhong Normal University in 1970. In 1985, Peng helped found Art Trends (Meishu sichao) magazine where he served as chief editor until 1989, when the publication ceased. Art Trends was one of the most influential magazines of the 1980s focusing on experimental art and ideas.

Peng has published several books including The Visual Revolution (Shijue geming, 1990) and Chinese Style Criticism (Zhongshi piping, 2002). He is currently based in Xi’an where he continues to write and teach.




In 2006, Asia Art Archive began a focused archiving project called 'Materials of the Future: Documenting Contemporary Chinese Art from 1980-1990'. This project aimed at developing a comprehensive collection of primary research materials including books, periodicals, newspapers, exhibition brochures, invitations, video recordings, correspondence, and other relevant documents. 

As part of this project, AAA digitised more than 80,000 items of material from personal archives to include artists Mao Xuhui, Wu Shanzhuan, Zhang Xiaogang, and Zhang Peili; curators and critics Fei Dawei, Lu Peng, and Zheng Shengtian; as well as the archives of Tokyo Art Gallery. As part of the research process over 75 in-depth interviews with key artists, curators, and critics were conducted. From a portion of these interviews, AAA created a documentary film about experimental art in South China (Guangzhou) in the 1980s entitled From Jean-Paul Sartre to Teresa Teng: Contemporary Cantonese Art in the 1980s.

AAA’s 1980s archiving project culminated with the launch of a comprehensive website portal called in September 2010.

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PENG De, 彭德

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Interview: Peng De (English subtitles)