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A number of government institutions and museums dedicated to rural arts and crafts emerged in India soon after independence. Artists studied the contexts, techniques, and forms of traditional art practices. This engagement brought forth new questions about tradition in the twentieth century, the relationship between modern and traditional art, creating a sustainable environment for traditional arts, and the preservation of these disappearing forms. Artists in Baroda responded with institutional initiatives, research projects, artist exchanges, workshops with artisans from rural contexts, and the annual Fine Art Fairs.