This interview was conducted at Zhang Hongtu's studio in Brooklyn, New York on 14 October 2009.

Zhang Hongtu (b. 1943, Pingliang, Gansu Province) is a New York-based artist.

Zhang studied at the Central Academy of Arts and Crafts in Beijing and moved to New York in 1982, where he helped build a community for immigrant Chinese artists through the Chinese United Overseas Artists Association in 1987.

Some of Zhang’s works use Mao's image to reference communist China, whilst other works, like his repainted shan-shui projects combine Chinese and Western imagery and technique. His most recent works focus on the relationship between nature and the human condition. Zhang has exhibited extensively, with shows at the Princeton University Art Museum, the Guangzhou Triennial, the Havana Biennial, PS1 New York, and the New Museum in New York.


張宏圖早年就讀於中央工藝美術學院(北京),自1982年移居美國,為協助在海外的中國藝術家,他參與創立了Chinese United Overseas Artists Association(中國海外藝術家協會)。


In 2006, Asia Art Archive began a focused archiving project called 'Materials of the Future: Documenting Contemporary Chinese Art from 1980-1990'. This project aimed at developing a comprehensive collection of primary research materials including books, periodicals, newspapers, exhibition brochures, invitations, video recordings, correspondence, and other relevant documents. 

As part of this project, AAA digitised more than 80,000 items of material from personal archives to include artists Mao Xuhui, Wu Shanzhuan, Zhang Xiaogang, and Zhang Peili; curators and critics Fei Dawei, Lu Peng, and Zheng Shengtian; as well as the archives of Tokyo Art Gallery. As part of the research process over 75 in-depth interviews with key artists, curators, and critics were conducted. From a portion of these interviews, AAA created a documentary film about experimental art in South China (Guangzhou) in the 1980s entitled From Jean-Paul Sartre to Teresa Teng: Contemporary Cantonese Art in the 1980s.

AAA’s 1980s archiving project culminated with the launch of a comprehensive website portal called in September 2010.

Alternative title

Fang Wen: Zhang Hong Tu

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Spoken language


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event photograph/recording, 

interview documentation

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Interview: Zhang Hongtu (Chinese subtitles), 訪問:張宏圖